Meredith G. Kline (Pt. 2)


Meredith G. Kline (Part 1)

The end of this audio, the last 10 seconds drop off. No worries, pick up part 2 of this series and keep listening. My explanation of Gen 2:5 as Kline understood it is hard to follow. If you can’t follow my 4th, 5th and 6th points on this, you can safely skip past them and go do more research for yourself.

Outline of two posts:

———— M. G. Kline ————-
A.   Life: D. Age 84
     Born December 15, 1922
     Died April 14, 2007 (aged 84)
     Professor at Westminster
B. Influenced
John Frame said that Kline “the most impressive biblical theologian of my lifetime,…[he] is orthodox, yet often original, and it always provides a rich analysis of Scripture.”
Tremper Longman, calls Kline “a brilliant Old Testament theologians whose writings have unfortunately been neglected” (Show them no mercy) p. 185
Greg Beale
     Heavily Influenced Greg Beale
Lee Irons
C. Influences
Cyrus Gordon
Mendenhall (Book: Tenth Generation)
Vos: Kline dedicates Glory in our Midst to Geerhardus Vos (d. 1949),
           “pioneer of the biblical theological way”
E. Controversy
Grace and Covenant of Works: Kline vs. Piper, Norm Shepherd, Daniel Fuller
See Kline’s, Covenant Theology Under Attack, published February, 1994 New Horizons,
See also, Mark Karlburg, Gospel Grace: The Modern-day Controversy
See also, A New Systematic Theology by Reymond
1. Confession: Young Earth 
    My position on Young Earth
    I do not follow Kline on all his views, and I’m still okay with Kline)
A. The Missing Topic in Modern Genesis Debates
Jesus Christ Not Emphasized
B. Kline did not believe in biological evolution (in any sense that I know about).
As far as I know, that would be something that people who position themselves as guardians of orthodox say about him as a way of warning against him (rather like how we are warned by orthodoxy to be weary of Ayn Rand). That is my first point.  And like it, there are people who say Kline was antinomian (against the Law) as a way to warn people from reading him.
C. On keeping us from reading (“the ordained guardians” of truth) — this conversation is debated along these lines along two camps
John Murray
M. G. Kline
2. Review: Days of Creation
Day   1 Let there be light (1:3).
Day   2 Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters (1:6).
Day   3 Let dry land appear (1:9).
     Let the land produce vegetation (1:11).
Day   4 Let there be lights (1:14).
Day   5 Let the water teem with creatures and let birds fly above the earth (1:20).
Day   6 Let the land produce living creatures (1:24).
     Let us make man (1:26).
     I give you every seed bearing plant… and every tree that has fruit with seed in it… for food (1:29).
Day   7 Rest
3. Kline’s Framework Hypothesis and Kline’s Observation of Realms and Rulers
   Pattern: Realms -> Rulers
   Day 1 Let there be light (1:3) ->  Day 4 Let there be the sources of light (1:14).
   Day 2 water and land  -> Day 5 water creatures and let birds fly above the earth
   Day 3 Let dry land appear (1:9) -> Day 6  Let the land produce living creatures (1:24).
4. Kline’s Article: “Because it had not rained” (based on Gen 2:5)
A Normal Cycle of how Vegetation works (water and cultivation) — the Normal process of how the world works:
Gen 2:5 “No shrub of the field had yet grown on the land,[f] and no plant of the field had yet sprouted, for the Lord God had not made it rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground. 6 But water would come out of the ground and water the entire surface of the land. 7 Then the Lord God formed the man out of the dust from the ground and breathed the breath of life into his nostrils, and the man became a living being.”
Genesis 2 evidences Recapitulation — Going back in creation (after telling all about it), to tell the history of creation again
Kline was not arguing for Evolution, but for the current normal processes of how things happen
5. Age of Earth Summarized as a “Day”
NASB Gen 2:4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made earth and heaven.
   Note that other translations are “afraid” to translate “day” as “day”
HCSB Gen 2:4 4 These are the records of the heavens and the earth, concerning their creation at the time[e] that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.
Quote from Kline’s Article: “Because it had not rained” (based on Gen 2:5)
“The results, indeed, approach the ludicrous when it is attempted to synchronize Gen. 2:5 with Genesis 1 interpreted in terms of a week of twenty-four-hour days. On that interpretation, vegetation was created on what we may call “Tuesday”. Therefore, the vegetationless situation described in Gen. 2:5 cannot be located later than “Tuesday” morning. Neither can it be located earlier than that for Gen. 2:5 assumes the existence of dry land which does not appear until the “third day”. Besides, would it not have been droll to attribute the lack of vegetation to the lack of water either on “Sunday” when the earth itself was quite unfashioned or on “Monday” when there was nothing but water to be seen? Hence the twenty-four-hour day theorist must think of the Almighty as hesitant to put in the plants on “Tuesday” morning because it would not rain until later in the day!  (It must of course be supposed that it did rain, or at least that some supply of water was provided, before “Tuesday” was over, for by the end of the day the earth was abounding with that vegetation which according to Gen. 2:5 had hitherto been lacking for want of water.)”
6. Genesis 2 (Recapitulation) 
Also seen in Revelation (telling same thing over and over)
Kline’s Emphasis on this Structure
7. What is Kline’s Point: Kline’s Larger Purpose:
    Kingdom and Covenant (i.e., not Jesus and Christ)
    Kingdom Prologue: Genesis Foundations for a Covenatnal World View
            Seeing in Genesis and Deuteronomy the Authority Structure
    Kline’s Book: “Structure of Biblical Authority”
            See especially his article: “Intrusion Ethics”
8. Kline’s The Metaphysics of Reality (the structure).
    Treaty of the Great King: The Covenant Structure of Deuteronomy
    Parallel’s to ANE Treaties (George Mendenhall)
    * “Two Register” View of Metaphysics (heaven register, and earth register)
9. (there is no 9th point)
10. Kline on Adam and his Work’s Covenant
Strict Works Covenant (commands, for the king under the Great King):
Gen 2:15 The Lord God took the man and placed him in the garden of Eden to work it and watch over it.  16 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree of the garden,  17 but you must not eat[m] from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for on the day you eat from it, you will certainly die.”
No grace operating under a works arrangement
       Grace is not unmerited favor only, but favor in the face of demerit
Strict Two Kingdoms
Before Rebellion: One Theocratic City (Cultural Mandate = Theocratic Mandate)
After Adam’s Rebellion: City of God, City of Man
11. Kline on Generations in Genesis
  Ages: Gaps in the Generations
   “Son of” language
Matthew 1:1 This is the genealogy[a] of Jesus the Messiah[b] the son of David, the son of Abraham:
12. Kline Worldwide Flood
KP Ch 3: “Though regarding it as of great importance to maintain that fidelity to the Scriptures requires that the Flood be recognized as a genuinely historical event, and one of vast scope, we will not here be entering into the discussion of its precise geographic extent..”
13. Kline: By Oath Consigned (Baptism as Ordeal)
14: Prophets as Messengers of Ultimatum